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[Smlr_net] Census: LABOR DAY 2011: Sept. 5

Eugene McElroy mcelroy at work.rutgers.edu
Mon Aug 29 16:10:51 EDT 2011


Census

Facts for Features
CB11-FF.16

Aug. 10, 2011



*Labor Day 2011: Sept. 5*

*
https://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/cb11-ff16.html
*

*or
https://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/pdf/cb11ff-16_laborday.pdf***

*[full-text, 4 pages]*

* *

* *

The first observance of Labor Day is believed to have been a parade of
10,000 workers on Sept. 5, 1882, in New York City, organized by Peter J.
McGuire, a Carpenters and Joiners Union secretary. By 1893, more than half
the states were observing “Labor Day” on one day or another, and Congress
passed a bill to establish a federal holiday in 1894. President Grover
Cleveland signed the bill soon afterward, designating the first Monday in
September as Labor Day.

*Who Are We Celebrating?*

*153.2 million*

Number of people 16 and older in the nation's labor force in July 2011.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics <
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/empsit.pdf>

*Employee Benefits*

*84.7%*

Percentage of full-time workers 18 to 64 covered by health insurance during
all or part of 2009.
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States:
2009
<http://www.census.gov/prod/2010pubs/p60-238.pdf<https://www.census.gov/prod/2010pubs/p60-238.pdf>
>

*Our Jobs*

Americans work in a variety of occupations. Here is a sampling:

*Occupation***

*Number of employees***

*Teachers (preschool - grade 12)***

3,039,523

*Computer Operators***

101,889

*Actors***

10,980

*Telephone Operators***

32,394

*Bus Drivers***

265,429

*Bakers***

117,405

*Telemarketers***

55,733

*Hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists***

395,503

*Janitors and building cleaners***

1,478,204

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey, Table B24124 <
http://www.census.gov/acs/www/ <https://www.census.gov/acs/www/>>

*26.2 million*

Number of female workers 16 and older in management, professional and
related occupations. Among male workers, 16 and older, 24.0 million were
employed in management, professional and related occupations.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey, Table C24010 <
http://www.census.gov/acs/www/ <https://www.census.gov/acs/www/>>

*0.9%*

Percentage change in employment in the United States between December 2009
and December 2010. Employment increased in 220 of the 326 largest counties
(large counties are defined as having employment levels of 75,000 or more).
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics <
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/archives/cewqtr_06302011.pdf>

*5.2%*

Percentage change in Elkhart County, Ind., between December 2009 and
December 2010, the largest increase in employment among the 326 largest
counties. New York County had the highest level increase of 37,500 jobs.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, <
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/archives/cewqtr_06302011.pdf>

*-4.0%*

Percentage decline in employment in Manatee, Fla., between December 2009 and
December 2010, the largest percentage decrease among the nation's 326
largest counties.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics <
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/archives/cewqtr_06302011.pdf>

*5.9 million*

The number of people who work from home.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey, Table B08128 <
http://www.census.gov/acs/www/ <https://www.census.gov/acs/www/>>

*Working at Home*

*8%*

Percent of total U.S. workforce that were home-based workers in 2005, an
increase from 7 percent in 1999.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 Survey of Income and Program Participation,
<
http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/employment_occupations/cb10-10.html<https://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/employment_occupations/cb10-10.html>
>

*8.1 million*

Number who worked from home exclusively in 2005, an increase from 6.7
million in 1999.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 Survey of Income and Program Participation,
<
http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/employment_occupations/cb10-10.html<https://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/employment_occupations/cb10-10.html>
>

*11+ hours*

About 11 percent of those who worked at home for some or all of their
workweek reported working 11 or more hours in a typical day in 2005. Only
about 7 percent of workers who worked outside the home reported doing so.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2005 Survey of Income and Program Participation,
<
http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/employment_occupations/cb10-10.html<https://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/employment_occupations/cb10-10.html>
>

*Another Day, Another Dollar*

*$47,127 and $36,278*

The 2009 real median earnings for male and female full-time, year-round
workers, respectively.
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States:
2009
<http://www.census.gov/prod/2010pubs/p60-238.pdf<https://www.census.gov/prod/2010pubs/p60-238.pdf>
>

*$1,943*

Average weekly wage in Santa Clara, Calif., for the fourth quarter of 2010,
the highest among the nation's 326 largest counties.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics <
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/archieves/cewqtr_03292011.pdf>

*Hot Jobs*

*53%*

Projected percentage growth from 2008 to 2018 in the number of network
systems and data communication analysts. Forecasters expect this occupation
to grow at a faster rate than any other. Meanwhile, the occupation expected
to add more positions over this period than any other is registered nurses
(581,500).
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics <http://www.bls.gov/oco/>

*Early, Lonely and Long — the Commute to Work*

*16.5 million*

Number of commuters who leave for work between midnight and 5:59 a.m. They
represent 12.4 percent of all commuters.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey, Table B08132 <
http://www.census.gov/acs/www/ <https://www.census.gov/acs/www/>>

*76.1%*

Percentage of workers who drive alone to work. Another 10.0 percent carpool
and 5.0 percent take public transportation (excluding taxicabs).
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey Data Profiles,
Selected Economic Characteristics
<http://www.census.gov/acs/www/<https://www.census.gov/acs/www/>
>

*25.1 minutes*

The average time it takes people in the nation to commute to work. New York
and Maryland had the most time-consuming commutes, averaging 31.4 and 31.3
minutes. (They are not significantly different from each another.)
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey, Table R0801 <
http://www.census.gov/acs/www/ <https://www.census.gov/acs/www/>>

*3.2 million*

Number of workers who face extreme commutes to work of 90 or more minutes
each day.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2009 American Community Survey, Table B08012 <
http://www.census.gov/acs/www/ <https://www.census.gov/acs/www/>>


-- 
Eugene McElroy
Library Associate

School of Management and Labor Relations
SMLR Library
Rutgers University
50 Labor Center Way
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
(732) 932-9513
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