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[Smlr_net] [IWS] Census: AMERICAN COMMUNITY SURVEY (ACS) 2009 DATA RELEASE [28 September 2010]

Eugene McElroy mcelroy at
Wed Sep 29 09:31:53 EDT 2010


Includes the following ACS Briefs

·         Poverty: 2008 and

·       Household Income for States: 2008 and

·       Men’s and Women’s Earnings for States and Metropolitan Statistical
Areas: 2009 <>

·       Food Stamp/Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Receipt
in the Past 12 Month for Households by State: 2008 and

·       Health Insurance Coverage of Children under Age 19: 2008 and

·       Disability Among the Working Age Population: 2008 and

·       Usual Hours Worked in the Past 12 Months for Workers 16 to 64: 2008
and 2009 <>

Press Release 28 September 2010
Census Bureau Releases 2009 American Community Survey Data

     The U.S. Census Bureau today released the results of the 2009 American
Community Survey (ACS), one of a series of data products the Census Bureau
is releasing in the coming months that provides information on the nation's
population. Today's release is based on survey responses collected over the
course of the 2009 calendar year and provides data about the nation's
socioeconomic, housing and demographic characteristics. The first set of
2010 Census data, including the nation's population and congressional
apportionment figures for the states, will be released by the end of 2010,
as required by law.

     “Collectively, ACS and census data are critical components of the
nation's information infrastructure, providing data essential to our economy
and our communities,” Census Bureau director Robert Groves said. “ACS data
are required by numerous federal programs and for planning and decision
making at the state and federal level. ACS data help communities and
businesses create jobs, plan for the future, establish new businesses and
improve our economy.”

     Focusing on the population's characteristics, the ACS complements, but
is different from, the 2010 Census population data. As a complete count of
the population, the 2010 Census data are critical for people who need to
know how many people live in the United States and where they live. The ACS
data, on the other hand, are based on a sample survey of the nation and
describe how we live by providing estimates of key social, economic and
housing characteristics.

     Today's release covers more than 40 topics, such as income, educational
attainment, housing and family structure for all geographies with
populations of 65,000 or more.

     In December, the Census Bureau will release the first set of ACS
statistics for all geographic areas, regardless of size, using data
collected between 2005 and 2009. A third set of 2009 statistics covering all
areas with populations of 20,000 or more will be released in January 11,
2011, based on data collected between 2007 and 2009.

     In addition to the ACS data released today on the Census Bureau
website, the Census Bureau is releasing a set of briefs on seven topics:
poverty, median household income by state, men's and women's earnings by
state, food stamp/Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program receipt by
state, health insurance coverage among children, disability among the
working age population and usual hours worked (see: <>). Thirteen
additional briefs based on today's data will be released on this website on
October 12.

*     2009 ACS Highlights*

     *Median Household Income*

   - Real median household income in the United States fell between 2008 and
   2009 — decreasing by 2.9 percent from $51,726 to $50,221.
   - Between 2008 and 2009, real median household income decreased in 34
   states and increased in one: North Dakota.


   - Thirty-one states saw increases in both the number and percentage of
   people in poverty between 2008 and 2009.
   - No state had a statistically significant decline in either the number
   in poverty or the poverty rate.

     *Health Insurance*

   - Between 2008 and 2009, the percentage of insured children in the United
   States increased from 90.3 percent to 91.0 percent, with 1.1 million more
   insured children in 2009.
   - In 2009, the uninsured rate for children under 19 in the United States
   was 9.0 percent, and the uninsured rate in the states ranged from 18.4
   percent in Nevada to 1.5 percent in Massachusetts.
   - Between 2008 and 2009, the uninsured rate for children decreased in the
   United States as well as in 17 states. The uninsured rate increased in two
   states (Alaska and Minnesota) and was not statistically different in 32
   states and Puerto Rico.
   - Between 2008 and 2009, the percentage of uninsured increased from 14.6
   percent to 15.1 percent, with 2.2 million more uninsured in 2009. The
   percentage of uninsured increased in 26 states, decreased in three states
   (Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico) and did not change significantly in 22

     *Industry and Occupation*

   - Work hours in the United States fell by about 36 minutes per week from
   39.0 hours in 2008 to 38.4 hours in 2009.
   - Work hours fell in 46 of the 50 most populous U.S. metro areas between
   2008 and 2009.
   - Workers in construction, extraction, maintenance and repair occupations
   worked about 63 minutes less per week in 2009 than in 2008.
   - Self-employed workers experienced a greater reduction in work hours
   between 2008 and 2009 than workers in other types of employment. Workers who
   were self-employed in their own unincorporated businesses worked 66 minutes
   less per week in 2009, while those self-employed in their own incorporated
   businesses worked 49 minutes less in 2009.

     *Journey to Work*

   - In 2009, the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island metropolitan area
   had the highest percentage of workers who commuted by public transportation
   at 30.5 percent, followed by the San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont metro area,
   where 14.6 percent of workers commuted by public transportation.

     *Home Values*

   - In 2009, the median property value for owner-occupied homes in the
   United States was $185,200.
   - After adjusting for inflation, the median property value decreased in
   the United States by 5.8 percent between 2008 and 2009.
   - Five of the 10 highest median property values among the 50 most
   populous metro areas were in California: San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara
   ($638,300), San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont ($591,600), Los Angeles-Long
   Beach-Santa Ana ($463,600), San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos ($417,700) and
   Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville ($298,000).
   - Between 2008 and 2009, the percentage change in home values in the 366
   metro areas ranged from a decline of 34.0 percent in Merced, Calif., to an
   increase of 19.7 percent in Hattiesburg, Miss.

     *Rental Housing Costs*

   - Nationwide, nearly two in five renter households (42.5 percent)
   experienced housing costs that consumed 35 percent or more of their incomes.

   - Housing cost burdens ranged from a low of 23.2 percent of renting
   households in the Casper, Wyo., metro area to a high of 62.8 percent of
   renting households in the College Station-Bryan, Texas, metro area.
   - Double digit rental vacancy rates characterized the following 12 of the
   50 most populous metro areas: Jacksonville, Fla.; Atlanta-Sandy
   Springs-Marietta, Ga; Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark.; Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale,
   Ariz.; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla.; Orlando-Kissimmee, Fla.;
   Houston-Sugarland-Baytown, Texas; Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev.; Dallas-Fort
   Worth-Arlington, Texas; San Antonio, Texas; Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano
   Beach, Fla.; and Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich.
   - Among the 50 most populous metro areas, the Pittsburgh, Pa., metro area
   had the lowest median gross rent ($643). Pittsburgh was followed by
   Buffalo-Niagara Falls, N.Y.; Louisville/Jefferson County, Ky.-Ind.;
   Cincinnati-Middletown, Ohio-Ky.-Ind.; Oklahoma City, Okla.; and
   Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, Ohio, where rents were between $652 and $706. The
   St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., metro area rounded out the most affordable markets with
   a median gross rent of $732.
   - The San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. metro area, with a gross
   rent of $1,414, was the most expensive rental market among the 50 most
   populous metro areas. Following San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, was the San
   Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif., metro area and the
   Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., metro area, both with
   median gross rent of $1,303. The fourth highest median gross rent was in the
   San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif., metro area ($1,224); the fifth
   highest median gross rent was in the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana,
   Calif., metro area ($1,197). Rounding out the top seven most expensive metro
   areas were New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. ($1,125)
   and Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H. ($1,123), which were not
   significantly different from each other.

     *Labor Force Participation*

   - The labor force participation rate for men 16 to 24 decreased
   nationally from 61.5 percent in 2008 to 59.2 percent in 2009, while for
   women this age the rate decreased from 60.4 percent to 58.7 percent.
   - For men 25 to 54, the national labor force participation rate decreased
   from 88.5 percent in 2008 to 87.9 percent in 2009, while women in this group
   experienced an increase from 77.0 percent to 77.1 percent.
   - For men 55 and older, the national labor force participation rate
   remained unchanged (at 45.2 percent) from 2008 to 2009, while the rate for
   women increased from 32.8 percent to 33.2 percent.


   - In 2009, 19.5 million people, or 9.9 percent of the civilian
   noninstitutionalized population age 16 to 64, had a disability. Between 2008
   and 2009, both the number and percent of people with disabilities did not
   - In 2009, West Virginia had the highest disability prevalence rate for
   people age 16 to 64 at 16.8 percent. Hawaii has the lowest prevalence rate,
   not different from California, Colorado, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey,
   and Utah.
   - About 34.7 percent of people with disabilities were employed compared
   with 71.9 percent of people without a disability. North Dakota had the
   highest employment-to-population ratio for people with disabilities, not
   different from Wyoming.
   - The District of Columbia had the lowest employment-to-population ratio
   for people with disabilities, not different from Alabama, Kentucky,
   Michigan, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee and West Virginia.

     *Education — Science and Technology*

   - A new question in the 2009 American Community Survey asked respondents
   with bachelor's degrees about their undergraduate major:
   - The estimated number of people in the United States 25 and over with a
   bachelor's degree or higher was 56.3 million. Of this group, 20.5 million,
   or 36.4 percent, held at least one science and engineering degree.
   - The percentages of all bachelor's degrees in the science and
   engineering fields were 28 percent or less in Mississippi, North Dakota and
   Puerto Rico, and as high as 51 percent in the District of Columbia.


   - According to the 2009 ACS, 38.5 million of the 307 million residents in
   the United States were foreign-born, representing 12.5 percent of the total
   population. In 2008, there were 38 million foreign-born in the United
   States, also making up 12.5 percent of the total population. The number of
   foreign-born in the United States increased between 2008 and 2009, in
   contrast to 2007-2008, when the number of foreign-born did not change

     *Language by Hispanic Origin and Race*

   - Overall, among the major race groups and Hispanic origin, non-Hispanic
   whites had the lowest proportion (6 percent) of people who spoke a language
   other than English at home, and Asians alone and Hispanics had the highest
   proportion (77 percent and 76 percent, respectively).
   - Hispanics were much more likely to speak a language other than English
   at home (76 percent) compared with non-Hispanics (10 percent). Among the
   selected Hispanic detailed groups, Dominicans, Salvadorans and Guatemalans,
   each around 92 percent, were among the top three groups with the highest
   percent who spoke a language other than English at home. This was followed
   by Colombians (87 percent), Cubans (82 percent), Mexicans (76 percent) and
   Puerto Ricans (66 percent).

     *The Older Population *

   - People 60 and over were more likely than the total population to have a
   disability. In 2009, 32.4 percent of the civilian noninstitutionalized
   population 60 and over reported having a disability compared with12.0
   percent of the total civilian noninstitutionalized population.
   - Approximately one quarter (27.1 percent) of the population 60 and over
   reported being in the labor force, an increase from 26.7 percent in 2008.


     The American Community Survey is the successor to the former census
"long form" that historically produced demographic, housing and
socioeconomic data for the nation as part of the once-a-decade census. The
decennial census program, which includes the ACS and the 2010 Census, serves
as the basis for the allocation of more than $400 billion in federal funds
to state, local and tribal governments every year. These vital data also
guide planning in the private sector as well as the work done by
policymakers at all levels of government and in communities of all sizes.
All survey responses are strictly confidential and protected by law.

     As is the case with all surveys, statistics from sample surveys are
subject to sampling and nonsampling error. All comparisons made in the
reports have been tested and found to be statistically significant at the 90
percent confidence level, unless otherwise noted. Please consult the data
tables for specific margins of error. For more information, go to

     Changes in survey design from year to year can affect results. See for more
information on changes affecting the 2009 data. See for
guidance on comparing 2009 ACS data with data from previous years and the
2000 Census.

     Visit “American FactFinder,” the Census Bureau's online data tool, to
obtain ACS 2009 data for the nation, all states and the District of
Columbia, all congressional districts, approximately 800 counties, and 500
metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas, among others.


Eugene McElroy
Library Associate

School of Management and Labor Relations
SMLR Library
Rutgers University
50 Labor Center Way
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
(732) 932-9513
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