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[16days_discussion] Executive summary of Security Project in collaboration with Centre for Women's Global Leadership School of Arts and Sciences, Rutgers, ]

Dr. Manju Verma manjuverma at
Thu Aug 22 00:11:52 EDT 2013

Hi All

Link to the document:

Women's Studies Centre, Punjabi University, Patiala undertook a research
project with the collaboration of the Centre for Women's Global Leadership
School of Arts and Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey,
USA. The aim of this project was to identify some key challenges in
conceptualizing security in 21st century.

As we all know that Human security is needed in response to the complexity
and inters linkages of both old and new security threats i.e. from chronic
and persistent poverty to ethnic violence, human trafficking, climate
change, health problems, international terrorism and sudden economic and
financial downturns. Such threats tend to acquire transnational dimensions
and move beyond traditional notions of security that focuses on external
military aggression alone. Thus, requires a compressive approach to tackle
such threats in an integrated manner demanding redefinition of security in

For the  study, data from 7500 respondents was collected but only 7052
responses were found usable. Thus, the  analysis was done on the sample of
7052 respondents. The respondents were randomly selected from various
colleges and Universities of Punjab. With regard to the objectives, an
exploratory research was carried to assess the preferred dimensions of
security and the agencies responsible for extending security.A
Questionnaire was constructed seeking insights into the individual
perceptions on the emerging dimensions of security in the twenty first
century. The questionnaire was divided into two parts: (a) security
dimensions, and (b) agencies enhancing security. Each part contained 15
broad heads. The respondents were asked to append their preferences with
respect to the above stated dimensions. The investigation revealed the
ranking of these heads according to their perceived importance. The
preference scale was divided into fifteen parameters viz. domestic
security, security at workplace, economic security, political security,
marital security, food security, social security, medical/health, cyber
security, environmental security, security from disasters, secure social
system, security from harmful religious and traditional practices,
emotional security and security from violence. The second part of the
measure consisted of the preferences of the respondents with respect to
the vital role any agency can play in providing security in the 21st
century. Respondents were asked to rank fifteen agencies viz. individual,
family, society, state, political leadership, judiciary, civil society,
community awareness, religion, education, social media, new
media, societal mind set, legal awareness, NGOs, self-help groups, inter
governmental organizations.

Soon we shall be sending the Full Report.

Dr. Manju Verma
Director Women's Studies Centre,
Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, India

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