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[16days_discussion] NEW 16 Days Blog Post: 16 Facts About "Domestic" Violence and Peace

16 Days 16days at cwgl.rutgers.edu
Mon Dec 10 11:05:06 EST 2012


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      *16 Facts About "Domestic" Violence and Peace*

Would you believe it if I said that when a country reduces its rates of 
violence against girls and women it also lowers its propensity for 
engaging in military conflict?  There are meaningful, powerful and 
verifiable connections between violence in the home and a nation's level 
of militarization and war. It turns out that the security of girls and 
women -- how safe they are in their homes, in their schools, on their 
streets -- is a measure of the security of the state they live in.

Such is the conclusion of a fascinating book, _/Sex and World Peace/ 
<http://www.amazon.com/Sex-World-Peace-Valerie-Hudson/dp/0231131828>_, 
by M. Hudson, Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill, Mary Caprioli, and Chad F. Emmett. 
Here is how they put it:

"The very best predictor of a state's peacefulness is not its level of 
wealth, its level of democracy, or its ethno-religious identity; the 
best predictor of a state's peacefulness is how well its women are 
treated. What's more, democracies with higher levels of violence against 
women are as insecure and unstable as nondemocracies."

The book's conclusions are based on studies that spanned 10 years and 
resulted in the creation of the WomanSTATS 
<http://womanstats.org/>database and project, the most comprehensive 
global source of statistics regarding the status of girls and women.  
The database covers virtually every aspect of what might be considered 
violence from son preference to maternal mortality, female genital 
mutilation to child marriage

So, it is possible to really study the idea that what happens in the 
home -- domestic violence -- and to consider its butterfly effects.  
But, how do you define violence? Sex selection? Girl malnutrition? The 
sale of girl children?

Here are 16 Facts About Violence in Homes around the world:

1.Number of girls missing from planet 
<http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2011/07/sex-selection-abortion-mara-hvistendahl>due 
to son preference: 160,000,000

2.Sex ratio <http://www.amazon.com/Mara-Hvistendahl/e/B004O440J0>in 
parts of China: 120 boys to 100 girls

3.Worldwide, chances that a girl will be malnourished 
<http://becauseiamagirl.ca/page.aspx?pid=3894>in the home compared to a 
boy: 3 to 1

4.Percentage of girls between 11-19 in India, where girls are frequently 
fed after boys, who are underweight 
<http://m.indianexpress.com/news/%22more-than-half-of-adolescent-girls-in-india-anaemic-unicef%22/755548/>: 
47%

5.Number of girls worldwide that do not complete primary school 
education 
<http://www.campaignforeducationusa.org/educating-girls-women-in-developing-countries>: 
100 million

6.Gender gap in developed nations 
<http://www.campaignforeducationusa.org/educating-girls-women-in-developing-countries>between 
boys completing secondary education and girls: >10%

7.Worldwide, estimated number of girls, per day, married 
<http://www.girlsnotbrides.org/>before the age of 18: 25,000

8.Leading cause of death worldwide 
<http://www.un.org/en/events/girlchild/>for girls 15-19: childbirth and 
pregnancy related death

9.Number of all women who will be victims of intimate partner abuse 
<http://www.stopvaw.org/prevalence_of_domestic_violence>worldwide: 1 in 3

10.Percentage of female homicide victims in the US killed 
<http://www.ncadv.org/files/DomesticViolenceFactSheet%28National%29.pdf>by 
an intimate partner: 33%

11.Country where women killed 
<http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/world/story/2012-01-30/afghan-woman-killed-for-birthing-daughter/52891524/1>for 
giving birth to daughters instead of sons: Afghanistan

12.Number of women worldwide who have had their genitals mutilated 
<http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/female-genital-cutting.cfm#g>, 
usually before the age of 18: 100 million and 140 million girls and women

13.Percentage of rape victims under the age of 18 
<http://www.rape.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=875:rape-statistics-south-africa-a-worldwide-2010&catid=65:resources&Itemid=137>(US): 
44%

14.Percentage of their attackers who were family members 
<http://www.rainn.org/get-information/statistics/sexual-assault-victims>_(US)_: 
34.2%

15.Percentage of honor killings 
<http://www.meforum.org/2646/worldwide-trends-in-honor-killings#_ftn6>in 
which girl is killed by her own family: 72%

16.Country in which a man killed his three young daughters 
<http://www.meforum.org/3334/egypt-father-kills-daughters-snakes>by 
putting a snake in their bed because he finally had a son: Egypt

This list, which barely skims the surface, is a compilation of gender 
based crimes, all of which take place in homes.  The overwhelming 
targets of violence in the home are girls and women.  The home is often 
the seeding ground for violence and the cultural definition of girls and 
women as property.  The dynamics of this fundamental unit -- the family 
-- is then replicated at larger and larger scales: neighborhoods, 
regions, countries.

The 10 years of research that went into writing /Sex and World Peace/ 
demonstrates that until girls and women are considered fully human, 
instead of subservient sub-humans, tradable property or expensive drains 
on family resources, and treated with respect within their own homes and 
by their families, we are unlikely to affect transformative changes in 
militarization at the national, regional and international levels. As 
the authors put it, "The very best predictor of a state's peacefulness 
is not its level of wealth, its level of democracy, or its 
ethno-religious identity; the best predictor of a state's peacefulness 
is how well its women are treated."

By Soraya Chemaly

/Soraya L. Chemaly writes about feminism, gender and culture. She writes 
in The Huffington Post, Fem2.0, Alternet, RHRealityCheck among others 
and has appeared on NPR's Talk of the Nation, Siriux XM and other radio 
programs to talk about these topics. Follow her at //@schemaly/ 
<https://twitter.com/schemaly>/.///


-- 
The 16 Days Team
16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence Campaign
Center for Women's Global Leadership
School of Arts and Sciences
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
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New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8555
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Fax: 1-732-932-1180
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Email:16days at cwgl.rutgers.edu
Website:http://www.cwgl.rutgers.edu

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