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[16days_discussion] Fwd: Militarism Facts & Impacts on Women & Girls

radha paudel rpaudel456 at gmail.com
Sun Jan 23 23:57:02 EST 2011


FYI

---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: WUNRN ListServe <list at wunrn.com>
Date: 23 January 2011 11:13
Subject: Militarism Facts & Impacts on Women & Girls
To: WUNRN_ListServe at lists.wunrn.com




WUNRN
http://www.wunrn.com

*Global Fund for Women*
http://www.globalfundforwomen.org/component/content/article/156-general/1826-militarism-facts
 Militarism Facts & Impacts on Women & Girls

   - Militarism is the combination of beliefs and practices that promotes a
   culture of fear and a continuum of violence. It is sustained through
   institutions, investments and structures based on the premise that the world
   is dangerous and armed force is the way to resolve conflicts.
   - Militarism is a major obstacle to healthy democracies and the
   achievement of genuine human security. Since 9/11, the U.S. global “war on
   terror” has led to increased military budgets, the proliferation of weapons
   and arm sales, extra-judicial killings and torture, and security laws that
   permit governments to spy on civilians.
   - In 2009, *world military
expenditure*<http://www.sipri.org/yearbook/2010/05>reached an
estimated $1.5 trillion dollars, six percent higher than in 2008
   and a 49 percent increase since 2000. Almost half (46.5%) of the world’s
   military spending is done by the United States. The *second
highest*<http://www.globalissues.org/article/75/world-military-spending#WorldMilitarySpending>is
spent by China with 6.6 percent, France with 4.2% and the U.K. with
3.8
   percent of the world’s total.
   - If governments set aside ¼ of the $1.5 trillion in military spending,
   they could feed, clothe, educate and provide healthcare for the entire
   world’s population. Although the UN was established to preserve peace
   through international cooperation and collective security, the UN’s entire
   budget is *only 1.8
percent*<http://www.globalissues.org/article/75/world-military-spending#Spendingforpeacevsspendingforwar>of
the world’s military expenditures.
   - In 2009, the *U.S. spent $712
billion*<http://www.globalissues.org/article/75/world-military-spending#USMilitarySpending>,
   or 44.4 percent, on defense. The lion’s share isn’t spent on *protecting
   the American people* <http://www.cdi.org/weekly/2000/issue10.html#2> but
   in fact on U.S. military activities throughout the world, including the
   estimated *1,000 U.S. military
bases*<http://www.fpif.org/articles/too_many_overseas_bases>.
   Here’s a breakdown of US budget priorities: [image: Allocation of US 2009
   Taxes]

Facts about Militarism’s Impact on Women

War and militarism disproportionately impact women and children. Whether
forced to migrate due to conflict or targeted for sexual violence as a
weapon of war, women and children bear the greatest costs. Here are some
facts:

   - Of the *50
million*<http://earthtrends.wri.org/features/view_feature.php?fid=26&theme=4>uprooted
people around the world, women and children comprise
   *80 percent* <http://www.unhcr.org/457fce52e.html> of the world’s
   displaced persons by war and conflict.
   - Civilians account for *80
percent*<http://www.globalissues.org/article/78/small-arms-they-cause-90-of-civilian-casualties>of
casualties of small arms.
   - A 2001 study found that nations with greater gender equality were less
   likely to use violence in times of international crisis.

Rape as a Weapon of War

   - *In Rwanda, half a million women were raped during the 1994
genocide.*<http://www.un.org/wcm/content/site/chronicle/cache/bypass/home/archive/issues2010/empoweringwomen/armedconflictandwomenscr1325?ctnscroll_articleContainerList=1_0&ctnlistpagination_articleContainerList=true>
   - In Bosnia and Herzegovina, up to *50,000
women*<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rape_in_the_Bosnian_War>of all
ethnic groups were raped in what the International Criminal Court
   found was the systematic use of rape as a weapon of war.
   - Up to *64,000
women*<http://www.peacewomen.org/portal_initiative_initiative.php?id=552>were
raped in Sierra Leone by armed combatants from 1991 to 2001.
   *Half of internally displaced women* <http://www.unfpa.org/swp/> who had
   direct contact with combatants were victims of sexual violence.
   - *Half a million
women*<http://ipsnews.net/africa/nota.asp?idnews=45751>have been raped
in the Democratic Republic of Congo in the past decade.

Impact on Women’s Health

   - In approximately 80 countries around the world, *women are daily
   threatened* <http://www.womenwarpeace.org/issues/landmines/landmines.htm>by
landmines, as women are the majority of those who gather food, water
and
   firewood.
   - According to our grantee partner Eco Center, in Eastern Kazakhstan
   where the Soviet Union tested the equivalent of 20,000 Hiroshima bombs, 1.5
   million people have been exposed to nuclear poisoning and their entire food
   system contaminated. Cancer rates there are five times higher than the
   national average.
   - In a study of the *impact of chemical warfare on
women*<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11765392>,
   researchers found that Vietnamese women who were exposed, or whose husbands
   were exposed, to toxic herbicide dioxin ‘Agent Orange’ experienced high
   rates of miscarriages and congenital birth defects. Two-thirds of their
   children had congenital defects or developed disabilities in their first
   year of life.

Impact on Children

   - *War is the primary
factor*<http://earthtrends.wri.org/features/view_feature.php?fid=26&theme=4>in
the creation of child refugees.
   - In the past decade, conflicts and wars have *killed two million
   children* <http://www.commondreams.org/views04/1219-26.htm>, *wounded 6
   million*<http://earthtrends.wri.org/features/view_feature.php?fid=26&theme=4>,
   and made 12 million children homeless.
   - More than 300,000 boys and girls are “child soldiers.” Many of the
   girls are often forced into sexual slavery.
   - In Nepal, when Maoists forces last February 2010 discharged 3,000
   minors from their People's Liberation Army, *1,000 were
girls*<http://www.unfpa.org/swp/>
   .

*Since 1987, the Global Fund for Women has awarded more than $31 million to
nearly 2,000 women’s groups in 141 countries working on building peace and
ending gender-based violence. The Global Fund for Women has initiated the
Women Dismantling Militarism Initiative. We aim to raise $3.5 million over
the next three years to capture the best practices women's groups are using
to confront militarism and continue supporting women-led initiatives to end
violence in their communities and chart innovative models of building peace.
*




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-- 
Radha Paudel
email: rpaudel456 at gmail.com
Skype: rpaudel456
Phone: 977-9849596298
blog;  wwwwillandway.blogspot.com
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